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Export and Import Images

When maintaining an air-gapped environment, one can benefit from using the import/export machinery. A common workflow usually resembles the following steps:

  1. An administrator exports Pulp's content on a system with the internet connectivity. The system runs a Pulp instance that syncs content from remote repositories.
  2. The exported content (tarball) is moved to another (air-gapped) system. The transfer can be made through the intranet or via an external hard drive.
  3. The administrator imports the exported content by initiating an import task. The procedure takes care of importing the content to another Pulp instance running in the air-gapped environment.

Exporting a Repository

To export a repository, run the following set of commands:

podman pull

# push a tagged image to the registry
podman login ${REGISTRY_ADDR} -u admin -p password --tls-verify=false
podman tag \
podman push ${REGISTRY_ADDR}/test/fixture:manifest_a --tls-verify=false

# a repository of the push type is automatically created
REPOSITORY_HREF=$(pulp container repository -t push show \
  --name "test/fixture" | jq -r ".pulp_href")

# export the repository to the directory '/tmp/exports/test-fixture'
EXPORTER_HREF=$(http ${BASE_ADDR}/pulp/api/v3/exporters/core/pulp/ \
  name=both repositories:="[\"${REPOSITORY_HREF}\"]" \
  path=/tmp/exports/test-fixture | jq -r ".pulp_href")

If the exported content is no longer needed to be managed on the system, delete it:

pulp container distribution destroy --name "test/fixture"
pulp orphan cleanup --protection-time 0

Importing the Repository

Import the exported content by running the next commands and monitor the task:

http ${BASE_ADDR}/pulp/api/v3/repositories/container/container/ \
  name="test/fixture" | jq -r ".pulp_href"

# import the exported repository stored in '/tmp/exports/test-fixture'
IMPORTER_HREF=$(http ${BASE_ADDR}/pulp/api/v3/importers/core/pulp/ \
  name="test/fixture" | jq -r ".pulp_href")
EXPORTED_REPO_PATH=$(find "/tmp/exports/test-fixture" -type f -name \
  "*.tar.gz" | head -n 1)
  path=${EXPORTED_REPO_PATH} | jq -r ".task_group")


Pass create_repositories=True to the http POST ${BASE_ADDR}${IMPORTER_HREF}imports/ request to tell Pulp to create missing repositories during the import procedure on the fly. Otherwise, the repositories need to be created ahead of the import.


Repositories of the push type are automatically converted to sync repositories at import time.